What is Dark Web and How to access it?
Curious to know about what exactly is Dark Web? You’ve come to the right place.
Do you know ? – There is a vast part of the World Wide Web (WWW) which is hidden from public internet and not accessible through regular search engines and web browsers like Chrome, Firefox, etc.
To understand the concept of What is Dark Web and How to access it?, lets first understand how search engines works.
So what do you understand from the Internet (WWW) – the collection of web pages or content searched by Google?
Search engines like Google, Bing, Yahoo or any other search engine display only the web pages that are crawled and indexed by them. So, the internet or the web which we generally perceive through Google is not the complete one.
The web pages displayed by the search engines are indexed with them, that means they are somewhat verified and safe to visit. But that’s not where the web ends.
There are number of websites available which are not even crawled and indexed by Google or any other search engine, but do operate on the internet.
So, these websites are hosted at darker corner of the web called Dark web or Deep web.
After reading this article, you will learn the following concepts
What is the dark web?
Surface Web vs Dark web vs Deep web:
What is in the dark web
How to access the dark web?
Tor dark web browser
The dark web engine
What is The Intellectual Dark Web?
What is the dark web?
Dark Web is the dark side of the internet world.
Dark Web is a collection of un-crawled and un-indexed web pages or content in the internet.
| “Dark web is the invisible part of internet which is not crawled and indexed by
search engines and hence direct access to users not allowed. It is accessed using
special web browsers called Tor.”
Dark web does not comes under simple search queries because this is inaccessible to web crawlers.
The dark web form the small part of the Deep Web which is un-indexed.
Difference between Surface Web vs Dark web vs Deep web
These all are different aspects or you can say that sections of the internet world.
Sometimes the dark web and deep web terms are much confused because dark web is subset of deep web.
- Websites found by simple search query.
- The Surface Web is anything that can be indexed by a typical search engine like Google, Bing or Yahoo.
- All the content is crawled and indexed by search engines.
- Accessed by traditional browsers like Chrome, Firefox, etc.
- used for legitimate online presence.
- Can be found through the DNS
- Examples include – Facebook, Youtube, Instagram, etc.
- Contains the un-indexed pages.
- web pages not crawled and indexed by search engines.
- hidden portion of internet from the outside world.
- Not accessible using web browsers – need passwords, encryption special software to access.
- Usually used for legitimate purposes to have anonymity
- Examples include – user databases, registration forms, webmail pages, forums where login is required, robots.txt that stops search engines from crawling websites
- subset of all un-indexed pages inside the deep web
- may be used for illegal activities.
- used by hackers, sellers/buyers of products…
- accessed by Tor encryption protocol.
What is in the dark web?
The dark web consists of collection of websites that are not directly visible to internet world using traditional browsers.
This is a hidden Internet exists under the ‘surface web,’ and hidden from the direct access of ordinary web users.
How to access the dark web?
The Dark Web is accessed through decentralized, anonymized nodes on a number of networks which includes Tor (The Onion Router) and I2P (Invisible Internet Project). Dark web are accessible only through special web browsers such as Tor (“The Onion Routing” project) and and I2P (“Invisible Internet Project”).
What is Tor?
Tor stands for “The Onion Routing” protocol. Tor is free web browser for enabling anonymous communication.
Tor browser and Tor-accessible websites are largely used among the darknet users. The dark web websites can be identified by the domain “.onion”. The Tor web browser focuses on providing anonymous access to the Internet, I2P specializes on allowing anonymous hosting of websites.
Tor directs Internet traffic through a free, worldwide, volunteer overlay network consisting of more than seven thousand relays to conceal a user’s location and usage from anyone conducting network surveillance or traffic analysis
Tor does not prevent an online service from determining when it is being accessed through Tor.
Tor protects a user’s privacy, but does not hide the fact that someone is using Tor.
Onion routing is implemented by encryption in the application layer of a communication protocol stack, nested like the layers of an onion.
Tor encrypts the data, including the next node destination IP address, multiple times and sends it through a virtual circuit comprising successive, random-selection Tor relays.
- This is special type of web browser to protect users by making communications very hard to trace.
- Hidden websites uses the extension – .onion.
- Uses encryption in the application layer.
- Hides network locations.
Dark web search engines
Search engines like Google, Bing and Yahoo are very powerful, but they can’t crawl and index the vast amount of data that is not hyperlinked or accessed via public DNS services. So, the dark web search engines also exist that crawl the hidden content suing Tor and bring the same results as of Google search.
There are specialized search engines like – Deep Web Search Engine which crawl over the TOR network and bring the same result to your regular browser.
Here, are some of Dark Web Search Engines: